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Pulau Semakau checklist
updated Nov 09

Intertidal flora and fauna

Phylum Cnidaria
  Order Actiniaria sea anemones

Banded bead anemone
awaiting identification

Wriggly star anemone
awaiting identification

Peachia anemone
Peachia sp.
Family Haloclavidae

Swimming anemone Boloceroides mcmurrichi
Family Boloceroididae

Posy anemone
awaiting identification

Pizza anemone Cryptodendrum adhaesivum
Family Thalassianthidae

Bubble tip anemone Entacmaea quadricolor
Family Actiniidae

Haekel's anemone Actinostephanus haekeli
Family Actinodendronidae

Fire anemone
Actinodendron
sp.
Family Actinodendronidae

Alicia anemone
Alicia
sp.
Family Aliciidae

Magnificent anemone
Heteractis magnifica Family Stichodactylidae

Giant carpet anemone Stichodactyla gigantea
Family Stichodactylidae

Haddon's carpet anemone Stichodactyla haddoni
Family Stichodactylidae

Leathery anemone
Heteractis crispa

Family Stichodactylidae

Banded frilly
sea anemone

Phymanthus
sp.
Family Phymantidae

Plain frilly
sea anemone

Phymanthus
sp.
Family Phymantidae

Purple tip frilly
sea anemone

Phymanthus
sp.
Family Phymantidae

Six-point frilly
sea anemone

Phymanthus
sp.
Family Phymantidae

Smooth frilly
sea anemone

Phymanthus
sp.
Family Phymantidae

  Order Alcyonacea soft corals

Broad
feathery soft coral

awaiting identification

Brown
feathery soft coral

awaiting identification

Asparagus
flowery soft coral

awaiting identification
Family Nephtheidae

Long-stemmed
flowery soft coral

awaiting identification
Family Nephtheidae

Spiky
flowery soft coral

awaiting identification
Family Nephtheidae

Black-and-white
leathery coral

awaiting identification
Family Alcyoniidae

Omelette leathery coral
awaiting identification
Family Alcyoniidae

Pimply leathery coral
awaiting identification
Family Alcyoniidae

Pinwheel leathery coral
awaiting identification
Family Alcyoniidae

Smooth leathery coral
awaiting identification
Family Alcyoniidae

  Order Ceriantharia peacock anemones

Black-mouth
peacock anemone

awaiting identification

Common
peacock anemone

awaiting identification

Shy glass
peacock anemone

awaiting identification
   

  Order Corallimorphoria corallimorphs

Beaded corallimorph
awaiting identification

Carpet corallimorph
awaiting identification

Frilled corallimorph
awaiting identification
   

  Order Helioporacea blue corals

Blue coral
Heliopora coerulea
Family Helioporidae
       

  Jellyfishes and hydroids

Upsidedown jellyfish
Cassiopea sp.
Family Cassiopeidae

Ribbon jellyfish
Chrysaora sp.
Family Pelagiidae
 

Delicate hydroid
awaiting identification
Class Hydrozoa
 

  Order Zoanthidea zoanthids/colonial anemones

Broad zoanthid
Palythoa mutuki
Family Zonathidae

Sea mat zoanthid
Palythoa tuberculosa
Family Zoanthidae

Button zoanthid
Zoanthus sp.
Family Zoanthidae
   

  Order Sclerectinia hard corals
  Family Acroporidae
 

Pebble coral
Astreopora sp.

  Family Agariciidae

Ringed plate coral
Pachyseris sp.

Lettuce coral
Pavona sp.
     

  Family Dendrophyllidae

Encrusting disk coral
Turbinaria sp.

Flowery disk coral
Turbinaria sp.

Ruffled disk coral
Turbinaria sp.

Thin disk coral
Turbinaria sp.
 

  Family Euphyllidae anchor corals

Brain anchor coral
Euphyllia ancora

Frog spawn coral
Euphyllia paradivisa

Branching anchor corals
Euphyllia paraancora

Torch anchor coral
Euphyllia glaberescens
 

  Family Faviidae favid corals

Trumpet coral
Caulastrea sp.

Moon coral
Diploastrea heliopora

Hedgehog corals
Echinopora
sp.

Zebra coral
Oulastrea crispata
 

Columnar hexa coral
awaiting identification

Honeycomb hexa coral
awaiting identification

Small hexa coral
awaiting identification

Toothed hexa coral
awaiting identification
 

Maze hexa coral
awaiting identification

Jigsaw maze coral
awaiting identification

Maze coral
awaiting identification

Big ring coral
awaiting identification

Big ring coral
awaiting identification

Big ring coral
awaiting identification

Small o-ring coral
awaiting identification

Tiny ring coral
Cyphastrea sp.

  Family Fungiidae mushroom corals

Bracket mushroom
hard coral

awaiting identification

Sunflower mushroom
hard coral

Heliofungia actiniformis

Circular mushroom
hard coral

awaiting identification

Smooth mushroom
hard coral

awaiting identification
 

Long mushroom
hard coral

awaiting identification

Mole mushroom
hard coral

Polyphyllia talpina
 

  Family Mussidae brain corals

Lobed brain coral
Lobophyllia sp.

Grooved brain coral
Symphyllia sp.

White grooved brain coral
Symphyllia sp.
   

  Family Poritidae

Anemone coral
Goniopora sp.

Small goniopora coral
Goniopora sp.

Boulder pore coral
Porites sp.

Branching pore coral
Porites sp.
 

  Other families

Ridged plate coral
Merulina sp.
Family Merulinidae

Galaxy coral
Galaxea sp.
Family Oculinidae

Carnation coral
Pectinia sp.
Family Pectinidae

Cauliflower coral
Pocillopora sp.
Family Pocilloporidae

Crinkled sandpaper coral
Psammocora sp.
Family Siderastreidae

Cabbage coral
Trachyphyllia geoffroyi
Family Trachyphyliidae
       
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