sea cucumbers text index | photo index
Phylum Echinodermata > Class Holothuroidea
Little African sea cucumber
Afrocucumis africana*
Family Sclerodactylidae
updated Oct 2016

Where seen? This small purplish sea cucumber is sometimes seen under stones, particularly on our Northern shores. Usually alone, but sometimes several are seen together under one stone. According to Teo Siyang, these are widespread and common, found in shallow tropical waters from East Africa, India, Southeast Asia, China, Japan and Taiwan to Australia and the Pacific Islands. It was previously known as Pseudocucumis africanus.

Features: 3-8cm long. Body angular with short tube feet in rows along the length. The tube feet are used to cling to the underside of the stone as well as to hold debris all over the body. It is plain purple (some lilac, others deep purple).

Baby sea cucumbers: From Teo Siyang, these sea cucumbers multiply by fission, i.e., by dividing into pieces. Which is why sometimes we see lots of them together under a stone! They also do undergo sexual reproduction.

Several seen together under one stone.
St. John's Island, May 05

Ossicles, from Teo Siyang's paper.

Feeding tentacles, from Teo Siyang's paper.

In water.
St. John's Island, Mar 05

*Species are difficult to positively identify without close examination.

On this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience of display

Little African sea cucumbers on Singapore shores

Photos of Little African sea cucumbers for free download from wildsingapore flickr

Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map

East Coast Park, Oct 10
Photo shared by Ivan Kwan on his flickr.

Pasir Ris Park, May 14
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his blog.

Lazarus, Apr 12
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his blog.

St. John's Island, Jul 09
Photo shared by Geraldine Lee on her blog.

Pulau Tekukor, May 10
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on flickr.

Pulau Semakau, Nov 12
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on flickr.


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