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Phylum Echinodermata > Class Holothuroidea
Eye-spotted sea cucumber
Stichopus ocellatus
Family Stichopodidae
updated Oct 2016

Where seen? This large yellow sea cucumber with little 'eye-spots' is sometimes seen near living reefs. Elsewhere, mostly in seagrasses on sandy or muddy-sand areas on reef flats and sandflats.

Features: 15-20cm long. Body squarish in cross-section, blunt at the ends with a wrinkled skin. Mostly yellowish brown with a pattern of 'eye-spots' that appear into 2-4 rows along the body length. 'Ocellatus' means 'having little spots' or 'marked with eyes'. These are not real eyes but comprise a large white bump with a dark tip. The animal has flat underside with many tube feet appearing in three rows along the body length.

According to Lane, it was known from Singapore for many years but was only described as a new species in 2002.

Human uses: It is among the sea cucumbers harvested for food.

Status and threats: This sea cucumber is listed as 'Vulnerable' on the Red List of threatened animals of Singapore.

Pulau Semakau, Mar 08
White bump with dark tip.

Tube feet in three rows on the flat underside.

Slender tube feet.

Eye-spotted sea cucumbers on Singapore shores

Photos of Eye-spotted sea cucumbers for free download from wildsingapore flickr

Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map



  • Lane, David J.W. and Didier Vandenspiegel. 2003. A Guide to Sea Stars and Other Echinoderms of Singapore. Singapore Science Centre. 187pp.
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