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Pulau Hantu

Habitats: Four sandy lagoons, Northern lagoon with seagrass (Enhalus acoroides), sparse corals. Outside the seawalls mainly rubble fringed with sparse corals, denser reef cover on North west fringe. Tiny mangrove patch between Hantu Besar and Hantu Kecil.

Pulau Hantu
1° 13.539'N 103° 44.977'E
40ha, 900m x 400m
(from Google Earth and Earth Point)

Facilities: two jetties - one on Hantu Besar (facing South) and another on Hantu Kecil (facing North). At low tide it is possible to walk between Hantu Besar and Hantu Kecil. A public toilet with freshwater (on Hantu Besar), many shelters and picnic benches.
Terumbu Hantu

Habitats: Mostly rubble, sparse reefy edges. More in this post on the wild shores of singapore blog.
Terumbu Hantu
1° 13.597'N 103° 44.727'E
2ha, 200m x 100m
(from Google Earth and Earth Point)
Conservation status: Pulau Hantu is listed for use as 'Beach Area' in the URA Master Plan 2008, i.e., "An area used or intended to be used for coastal recreational purposes for the enjoyment of the general public." Status not indicated in Parks and Waterbodies Plan. It is managed by Sentosa Leisure Group. Terumbu Hantu does not appear on the URA Master Plan 2008 or the Parks and Waterbodies Plan.

Mentioned in the Singapore Green Plan 2012 under "Marine Nature Areas":

"Singapore’s surrounding waters bustle with large ships and small all hours of the day, but thanks to effective pollution control, they also teem with a rich variety of marine life.

Among our marine treasures are the pockets of coral reefs which flourish to the south of Singapore, in particular around the St John’s Island Group, Pulau Hantu, Pulau Semakau and the Pulau Sudong Island Group. At these marine nature areas, numerous biological communities - corals, sea-grasses, fishes, mangroves, marine mammals, plankton and others - live in an abundance of aquatic harmony. They are a never-ending source of wonderment to divers from Singapore and elsewhere.

The government will keep these areas in their natural state for as long as possible."

Current conservation activities: Volunteers with the Hantu Bloggers conduct monthly guided dives at Pulau Hantu to raise awareness of marine life in Singapore. They also conduct public talks at schools and other events. Various scientific projects are also occasionally conducted on Pulau Hantu. Pulau Hantu is one of the survey sites of underwater coral reef surveys by ReefFriends of NParks and the Blue Water Volunteers. The intertidal area is also regularly surveyed by wildsingapore.

The current Pulau Hantu is the result of massive reclamation. Hantu Besar used to be 2ha and Hantu Kechil 0.4ha, surrounded by fringing reefs with a common reef flat in between. Land reclamation from 1974-75 increased land area to 12.2ha using 400,000m3 of sand, leaving a narrow strip between rock bund and edge of the reef (about 20-30m). The original island that stuck out above water at high tide is marked by untidy plant growth, near the toilets.

About the names: Pulau=Island; Hantu=Ghost; Terumbu=A reef or rock at low tide but submerged at high water.

Landscape views of Pulau Hantu from wildsingapore flickr
Highlights of marine life at Pulau Hantu from wildsingapore flickr
All photos of Pulau Hantu from wildsingapore flickr

Blog posts about Pulau Hantu on wild shores of singapore and the Hantu Blog


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