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Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrate > fishes
Green chromide
Etroplus suratensis

Family Cichlidae
updated Oct 2016
Where seen? This large colourful fish is often seen in groups in our mangroves at Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve and Pasir Ris. The fish is native to India and Sri Lanka and was introduced to Singapore, possibly through the aquarium trade. It has since escaped and are now breeding in our waters.

Features: Up to 30cm, usually about 20cm long. Oval with a short snout and small mouth. Greyish green with 6 to 8 dark bars, a dark spot at the base of the pectoral fins, many scales with a pearly spot. It is sometimes called the Pearlspot.

What does it eat? It is mainly herbivorous feeding on filamentous algae, plant material. It may also eat insects. At Sungei Buloh, often seen nibbling on jetty legs and mangrove roots.

Baby chromides: Several adults may take care of a single brood that presumably were spawned by only two of the adults.

Human uses: Elsewhere, it is raised in aquaculture and also in the aquarium trade.

Among mangrove roots.
Pasir Ris Park, Feb 12

Nibbling on mangrove roots.
Pasir Ris Park, Feb 12

Green chromides on Singapore shores

Photos Green chromides for free download from wildsingapore flickr

Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map


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