> Subphylum Vertebrate > fishes
seen? The fishes with long fins are sometimes seen, in
seagrass meadows, near reefs and at jetties on our Southern shores.
are batfishes? These fishes belong to Family Ephippidae.
According to FishBase:
the family has 7 genera and 20 species, found in the Atlantic, Indian
and Pacific Oceans. Those recorded for Singapore belong to Platax
Features: The body is flattened
sideways. The mouth is small. Adults are silvery and rather squarish.
Hence their other common name of Spadefish. Juveniles may look very
different in colour and pattern and have very elongated dorsal and
anal fins. Those seen 12-15cm long usually with two dark bars, one
through the eye, on an orange body. The species are difficult to distinguish
without examination of small body parts.
In some species, the juveniles are found with feather
stars (Class Crinoidea). Others may lie on the side, floating
in the water to mimic leaves or flat against the surface mimicking
May be confused with the Silver
moony (Family Monodactylidae).
What do they eat? They feed on
seaweeds and small animals.
uses: Juvenile batfishes are often taken from the wild
for the aquarium trade.
Status and threats: None of our
batfishes are listed among the threatened animals of Singapore.
However, like other creatures of the intertidal zone, they are affected
by human activities such as reclamation and pollution. Over-collection
by hobbyists can also have an impact on local populations.
Pulau Semakau, May 07
Island, Apr 12
A tiny Batfish
swallowing a fish
almost as large as itself!
on Singapore shores
Tanah Merah, Aug 09
Photo shared by James Koh on his
Seringat-Kias, Aug 12
shared by Loh Kok Sheng on flickr.
shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his
Ephippidae recorded for Singapore
Wee Y.C. and Peter K. L. Ng. 1994. A First Look at Biodiversity
+Other additions (Singapore Biodiversity Records, ect)
batavianus (Batavia batfish)
+Platax pinnatus (Longfin batfish)
Platax teira (Blunthead batfish)