> Subphylum Vertebrate > fishes
Where seen? These
thick-lipped fishes are sometimes seen on some of our shores. They
usually hide during the day and are more active at night.
What are sweetlips? Sweetlips
belong to Family Haemulidae. According to FishBase:
the family comprises of 17 genera and 150 species. They are found
in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Members of the family
also called grunts or grunters. Members that belong to the genus Plectorhinchus are called sweetlips because of their thick lips.
Features: Most sweetlips go through
elaborate colour changes as they mature. The juveniles are often boldly
spotted or striped, growing up to become adults that are totally different;
usually plain with small spots or many thin lines. Some young sweetlips
like the Harlequin sweetlips and Painted sweetlips typically
swim by 'wagging' their large tails resulting in a twisting motion.
What do they eat? Young fishes
eat plankton but grow up to be carnivorous adults, feeding on small
fishes and small animals living on on the sea bottom. These fishes
have teeth not only in the jaws but also in their throats.
Human uses: Some species are considered
valuable seafoood. They are caught by spear, line and nets; and marketed
fresh or salted.
on Singapore shores
Haemulidae recorded for Singapore
Wee Y.C. and Peter K. L. Ng. 1994. A First Look at Biodiversity
*Lim, Kelvin K. P. & Jeffrey K. Y. Low, 1998. A Guide to the Common
Marine Fishes of Singapore.
+Other additions (Singapore Biodiversity Record, etc)
pictum (Painted sweetlips or Kachi)
+Plectorhincus chrysotaeni (Gold-lined sweetlips)
Plectorhinchus gibbosus (Brown
kaakan (Javelin grunter)
maculatum=^Pomadasys maculatus (Saddle
- Jeffrey K. Y. Low & Koh Kwan Siong. 26 Februrary 2016. Gold-lined sweetlips in the Singapore Strait, Plectorhincus chrysotaeni. Singapore Biodiversity Records 2016: 24-25
- LIM K.K.P. First record of Hapalogenys analis (Teleostei: Perciformes: Haemulidae) from the Indoñ-Australian region. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 1994 42(4): 983-985.
- Allen, Gerry,
Fishes of South-East Asia: A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers.
Periplus Editions. 292 pp.
- Kuiter, Rudie
H. 2002. Guide
to Sea Fishes of Australia: A Comprehensive Reference for Divers
New Holland Publishers. 434pp.
Ewald and Robert Myers. 2001. Coral
Reef Fishes of the World
Periplus Editions. 400pp.