seen? This filefish with with a 'smiley' on the side of
the body is often seen on many of our shores, among seagrasses and
seaweeds on coral rubble.
To 12cm, those seen about 7cm. An irregular curved yellow or
white line along the front of the body from the gill opening to the
middle of the upper body, that resembles a 'smile'. Body in a wide
variety of colours and patterns, usually irregular blotches. Adult
males have bristles near the tail fin arranged a well-defined central
More on how to tell apart filefishes.
What does it eat? It feeds on
small creatures that live on the bottom such as amphipods,
worms and snails.
Pale or white curved line from gills
to middle of the upper body.
Tanah Merah, Aug 09
Tanah Merah, Jun 09
Sisters Island, Jul 07
Adult males with bristles in an
oblong patch near the tail fin.
Tanah Merah, Jul 11
Tanah Merah, Apr 12
Sentosa, Aug 04
filefishes on Singapore shores
*Species are difficult
to positively identify without close examination.
On this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience of
Filefish (Acreichthys tomentosus) Lim, Kelvin K. P.
& Jeffrey K. Y. Low, 1998. A
Guide to the Common Marine Fishes of Singapore. Singapore
Science Centre. 163 pp.
sp. Tan, Leo W. H. & Ng, Peter K. L., 1988. A
Guide to Seashore Life. The Singapore Science Centre,
Singapore. 160 pp.
from FishBase: Technical
fact sheet on the family, including fact sheet
Fishes of Indonesia: Field Guide to Lombok Island by Keiichi
Matsuura, Seishi Kimura and Teguh Peristiwady on the National
Science Museum, Tokyo website: factsheets with photos and descriptions
with details on similar families.
Leatherjacket (Acreichthys tomentosus) from Fishes
of Libong Island (West
Coast of Southern Thailand) by Keiichi Matsuura and Seishi Kimura
(eds.) on the National Science Museum, Tokyo website: factsheets
with photos and descriptions with details on similar families.
Leatherjacket (Acreichthys tomentosus) from
of Bitung (Northern Tip of Sulawesi Indonesia) by Seishi Kimura
and Keiichi Matsuura (eds.) factsheets with photos.
6: Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles,
sea turtles, sea snakes and marine mammals FAO Species Identification
Guide for Fishery Purposes The Living Marine Resources of the
Western Central Pacific.