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Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > fishes > Family Serranidae
Chocolate hind
Cephalopholis boenak

Family Serranidae
updated Oct 2019

Where seen? This rather large fish with chocolate brown bars is on our Northern shores near reefs and rubble. The fish is found in silty sheltered waters or reefs, usually alone.

Features: To about 20-30cm, but those seen usually about 10-15cm. The chocolate hind is brownish to greenish with dusky vertical bands on the body. There is usually a dark spot on the upper edge of the gill cover.

What does it eat? It hunts mainly fishes and crustaceans.

Human uses: In some places they harvested for eating, particularly when larger groupers have been overfished.

Tanah Merah, May 10

Dark spot on upper edge of gill cover.

Tanah Merah, Jun 09

Chocolate hind on Singapore shores
On wildsingapore flickr

Other sightings on Singapore shores

Pulau Sekudu, May 09
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on flickr.

Beting Bronok, Jun 18
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on facebook.

  • Lieske, Ewald and Robert Myers. 2001. Coral Reef Fishes of the World Periplus Editions. 400pp.
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