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Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > fishes > Family Serranidae
Orange-spotted grouper
Epinephelus coioides

Family Serranidae
updated Oct 2016

Where seen? Gaily spotted juveniles are sometimes seen on our Northern shores, among seagrasses.

Features: Adults to about 95cm. Juveniles seen are much smaller. The adult is brown with darker bars and small orange spots on the sides. It is found in coastal areas including estuaries, usually alone.

What does it eat?
It eats small fishes, shrimps and crabs.

Human uses: It is among the common fishes eaten in Singapore. Here, these fishes are sometimes reared in floating cages from fingerlings (young fishes) that are imported from neighbouring countries, until they reach marketable size.

Chek Jawa, Nov 01

Pulau Sekudu, Apr 06

Orange-spotted groupers on Singapore shores

Photos of Orange-spotted groupers for free download from wildsingapore flickr

Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map

Changi, May 14

Photo shared by Marcus Ng on flickr.

Beting Bronok, Jun 12
Photo shared by Russel Low on facebook.

  • Allen, Gerry, 2000. Marine Fishes of South-East Asia: A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Periplus Editions. 292 pp.
  • Kuiter, Rudie H. 2002. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia: A Comprehensive Reference for Divers & Fishermen New Holland Publishers. 434pp.
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