seen? This large seahorse is sometimes seen on our Northern
shores, among seagrasses. According to the Singapore Red Data Book,
the Estuarine seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) is found mainly in seagrass
areas near sources of freshwater. The Estuarine seahorse is found
all around Singapore in shallow waters.
Features: 6-10cm long. Body without
large, obvious spines. Colours seen include yellow, brown, sometimes
pinkish or even orangey. Some have spots on the body. Often seen in
a pair near one another: One is bright yellow, the other is dark;
brown or even black. Sometimes, very tiny ones only about 2cm long
are seen among seaweeds.
It's difficult to tell this seahorse apart from the Tiger-tailed
seahorse (Hippocampus comes). More on how
to tell apart the Tiger-tail and Estuarine seahorses.
Status and threats: Seahorses
are listed as CITES II (which means their international trade is monitored)
and are considered globally vulnerable. Hippocampus kuda is
listed as 'Vulnerable' on the Red List of threatened animals of Singapore.
Pasir Ris Park, Jul 08
Tiny one among Sargassum seaweed.
Tanah Merah, Jul 10
Changi, May 05
Changi, Jun 08
Changi, Jun 11
Pulau Sekudu, May 08
Changi, Dec 03
seahorses on Singapore shores
- Lim, S.,
P. Ng, L. Tan, & W. Y. Chin, 1994. Rhythm of the Sea: The Life
and Times of Labrador Beach. Division of Biology, School of
Science, Nanyang Technological University & Department of Zoology,
the National University of Singapore. 160 pp.
G.W. H. and P. K. L. Ng and Ho Hua Chew, 2008. The Singapore
Red Data Book: Threatened plants and animals of Singapore.
Nature Society (Singapore). 285 pp.
- Allen, Gerry,
Fishes of South-East Asia: A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers.
Periplus Editions. 292 pp.
- Kuiter, Rudie
H. 2002. Guide
to Sea Fishes of Australia: A Comprehensive Reference for Divers
New Holland Publishers. 434pp.
Ewald and Robert Myers. 2001. Coral
Reef Fishes of the World
Periplus Editions. 400pp.
- Kuiter, Rudie
H., 2000 (English edition). Seahorses,
Pipefishes and their Relatives: A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes
TMC Publishing, UK. 240 pp.