> Subphylum Vertebrata > fishes
seen? These small silvery fishes are sometimes encountered
trapped in pools at low tide on both our Northern and Southern Shores.
What are perch? Perch belong to the Family Terapontidae.
The family name is sometimes also spelt Theraponidae or Therapontidae.
According to FishBase:
the family has 16 genera and 45 species. They are found in the Indo-West
Pacific in marine and freshwater.
Features: 3-10cm. Among the features of this family are
two spines on their gill covers (operculum), the lower spine usually
longer. Most are silvery with patterns of longitudinal lines or spots.
They can produce loud noises using their swim bladders. Thus they
are sometimes also called grunters or trumpeters. They are also called
tigerperches. Adults usually school, while small juveniles are found
among floating weeds.
What do they eat? These fishes
eat other fishes as well as insects, seaweed and other animals that
live in the sand. Young perch often shelter in seagrass beds and mangroves.
uses: Some species of perch are eaten and sold fresh or
dried and salted. Some larger species of perch are also highly valued
in sport fishing.
Terapontidae recorded for Singapore
Wee Y.C. and Peter K. L. Ng. 1994. A First Look at Biodiversity
- Wee Y.C.
and Peter K. L. Ng. 1994. A First Look at Biodiversity in Singapore.
National Council on the Environment. 163pp.
- Allen, Gerry,
Fishes of South-East Asia: A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers.
Periplus Editions. 292 pp.
- Kuiter, Rudie
H. 2002. Guide
to Sea Fishes of Australia: A Comprehensive Reference for Divers
New Holland Publishers. 434pp.
Ewald and Robert Myers. 2001. Coral
Reef Fishes of the World
Periplus Editions. 400pp.
- Lim, S.,
P. Ng, L. Tan, & W. Y. Chin, 1994. Rhythm of the Sea: The Life
and Times of Labrador Beach. Division of Biology, School of
Science, Nanyang Technological University & Department of Zoology,
the National University of Singapore. 160 pp.