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Phylum Arthropoda > Subphylum Crustacea > Class Malacostraca > Order Decapoda > Anomurans > hermit crabs > Clibanarius
Gold-spotted hermit crab
Clibanarius cruentatus

Family Diogenidae
updated Dec 2019

Where seen? This pretty black hermit crab is sometimes seen, in coral rubble near reefs. It seems to be more active at night. Elsewhere, it is said to be a very common intertidal hermit crab living in sand-mud bottoms in mangrove areas, pebble beaches and rocky shores.

Features: Body about 1-1.5cm long. Body and legs black with large orange, yellow, white spots. Towards the eyes, spots are larger and more orange. Both pincers are more or less equal in size and held so that the 'fingers' open horizontally in front of the animal. Pincers and walking legs sparsely hairy. Eye black with tiny white spots, narrow white ring under the eye where it joins the stalk. Eyestalks all yellow. Short antennae bright blue with orange feathery tip. Long antennae orange.

More on how to tell apart Clibanarius hermit crabs.

Sentosa, Jun 04

Tanah Merah, Dec 10

*Species are difficult to positively identify without close examination.
On this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience of display.

Gold-spotted hermit crabs on Singapore shores
On wildsingapore flickr

Other sightings on Singapore shores

Sentosa, Sep 11
Photo shared by Marcus Ng on flickr.

With grateful thanks to liwaliw for identifying this hermit crab on wildsingapore flickr.



  • Dwi Listyo Rahayu, 2000. Hermit crabs from the South China Sea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae, Paguridae, Parapaguridae) (pdf). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 2000 Supplement No. 8: 377-404. The National University of Singapore.
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