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Pulau Semakau

Western shore habitats (2.5km x 400m)
Sandy shores, seagrass meadows, rubble with fringe of sparse corals.

Eastern shore habitats (1.5km x 100m)

Sandy shores, mudflats, rubble with fringe of sparse corals.

In the middle
(about 15ha), original mangroves with mudlobster mounds and a possible hot spring, coastal forest, secondary forest.
1° 12.432'N 103° 45.588'E
(from Google Earth and Earth Point)

Facilities on the Semakau Landfill: Jetty with washing up facilities and public toilets. About 1.6km walk to entrance to the western shore. About 600m to the eastern shore.

Conservation status: Listed for use as 'Open Space' in the URA Master Plan 2008, i.e., "Area to be used or intended to be used as open space". Status not indicated in Parks and Waterbodies Plan. Access to Pulau Semakau is managed by the National Environment Agency that runs the Semakau Landfill.

Mentioned in the Singapore Green Plan 2012 under "Marine Nature Areas":

"Singapore’s surrounding waters bustle with large ships and small all hours of the day, but thanks to effective pollution control, they also teem with a rich variety of marine life.

Among our marine treasures are the pockets of coral reefs which flourish to the south of Singapore, in particular around the St John’s Island Group, Pulau Hantu, Pulau Semakau and the Pulau Sudong Island Group. At these marine nature areas, numerous biological communities - corals, sea-grasses, fishes, mangroves, marine mammals, plankton and others - live in an abundance of aquatic harmony. They are a never-ending source of wonderment to divers from Singapore and elsewhere.

The government will keep these areas in their natural state for as long as possible."

Current conservation activities:

History: In 1999, when the last remaining landfill on Singapore’s mainland was exhausted, the Semakau Landfill was created by enclosing part of Pulau Semakau and all of a small adjacent island (Pulau Sakeng) with a rock bund. All of Singapore's waste now ends up in this Landfill, i.e., ash from the incineration plants and all non-incinerable waste. The parts of Pulau Semakau that was not destroyed remains natural.

About the name: Pulau=Island; Semakau=unknown, but semak=scrub or undergrowth.

Landscape views of Pulau Semakau from wildsingapore flickr
Highlights of marine life at Pulau Semakau from wildsingapore flickr
All photos of Pulau Semakau from wildsingapore flickr

Blog posts about Pulau Semakau on wild shores of singapore


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