Where seen? This rare tree is found on our natural rocky
shores at St. John's Island and Sentosa. According to Hsuan Keng,
it has been recorded on rocky coasts of Singapore.
Features: A tall tree (8-10m).
The bark is fissured and the tree doesn't have specialised roots (no
buttress roots or pneumatophores). The roots clasp large boulders
on the rocky shore.
Compound leaf comprising 2-4 pairs of leaflets (4.5-17cm long) that
are oval to nearly heart-shaped with prominent pale veins, thick and
leathery. Flowers tiny white to pinkish in clusters on an inflorescence.
Fruits spherical, small (8-10cm) and appear in clusters when young. Unripe
fruits are shiny green, turning brown and splitting when ripe to release
5-20 seeds. The seeds are irregularly angular.
uses: According to Giesen, among its uses are the wood
for handles of traditional knives (kris) and in building boats, the
bark for tanning and dyeing cloth. The seeds are used to treat stomachache.
Status and threats: The tree is
listed as 'Critically Endangered' on the Red List of threatened plants
Island, Jul 09
often in pairs.
Sentosa, Apr 09
with prominent pale veins.
St. John's Island, Aug 09
Bark with longitudinal
Sentosa, Apr 09
St. John's Island, Feb 11
laut on Singapore shores
- Hsuan Keng,
S.C. Chin and H. T. W. Tan. 1990, The
Concise Flora of Singapore: Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons.
Singapore University Press. 222 pp.
- Tan, Hugh
T.W. and T. Morgany. 2001. Growing
the Native Plants of Singapore. BP Science Centre Guidebook.
G.W. H. and P. K. L. Ng and Ho Hua Chew, 2008. The Singapore
Red Data Book: Threatened plants and animals of Singapore.
Nature Society (Singapore). 285 pp.