hard corals text index | photo index
Phylum Cnidaria > Class Anthozoa > Subclass Zoantharia/Hexacorallia > Order Scleractinia > Family Fungiidae
Lithophyllon mushroom hard coral
Lithophyllon undulatum*
Family Fungiidae
updated May 13

Where seen? This plate-like coral that is stuck to a hard surface is rarely seen. It was seen once at Cyrene Reef.

Features: Flat plate-like about 20cm in diameter, attached at the base but wavy with lobes at the edges. May also be encrusting. The corallites form a distinctive pattern of thick parallel lines perpendicular to the edge. There is a 'waist' in the parallel lines at the mouth of the corallite, i.e., the parallel lines merge at regular intervals. The walls are thick with fine 'teeth'.

May be confused with Bracket mushroom coral (Podabacia sp.) which has finer lines with thinner walls.

Status and threats: It is listed as globally Near Threatened by the IUCN.

Cyrene Reef, Mar 07

Little Sisters Island, Feb 15
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his blog.

*Species are difficult to positively identify without close examination.
On this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience of display.



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