hard corals text index | photo index
Phylum Cnidaria > Class Anthozoa > Subclass Zoantharia/Hexacorallia > Order Scleractinia > Family Merulinidae
Carnation corals
Pectinia sp.*
Family Merulinidae
updated Dec 15

Where seen? These delicate hard corals with fluted skeletons are sometimes seen on our Southern shores.

Features: Colonies 10-20cm, forming frilly carnation-like shapes, globular or rather flatter. Walls thin tall fragile that form a maze-like pattern with deep valleys. The surface has delicate fluted patterns but these are usually hidden under a smooth layer of thick tissue. At night, the polyps may extend long, thin translucent tentacles surrounding the corallite centres, which may occur anywhere. Colony colours seen include brown, yellow, orange, green, blue, purple, often with a sheen of contrasting colours.

Raffles Lighthouse, Jul 06

Sisters Island, Oct 11

With long tentacles extended.


Pulau Hantu, Aug 04

Pulau Hantu, Aug 04

Labrador, Jul 05


Sister Island, Jan 12

Raffles Lighthouse, Jul 06

Sisters Island, Jul 10

With long tentacles extended.

*Species are difficult to positively identify without close examination.
On this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience of display.

Carnation corals on Singapore shores

Photos for Carnation corals for free download from wildsingapore flickr

Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map


Pulau Berkas, May 10

Pulau Berkas, May 10

Bleaching.
Pulau Berkas, May 10


East Coast Park Big Splash, May 15
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his blog.

Tanah Merah, May 09
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his blog.

Lazarus Island, Feb 11
Photo shared by Russel Low on facebook.


Terumbu Semakau, May 10
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his flickr.

Terumbu Semakau, Jun 10
Photo shared by Marcus Ng on his flickr.
 

Pectinia species recorded for Singapore
from Danwei Huang, Karenne P. P. Tun, L. M Chou and Peter A. Todd. 30 Dec 2009. An inventory of zooxanthellate sclerectinian corals in Singapore including 33 new records **the species found on many shores in Danwei's paper.
in red are those listed as threatened on the IUCN global list.


  Family Merulinidate
Genus Pectinia
  Pectinia alcicornis** (Vulnerable)
Pectinia ayleni (Near Threatened)
Pectinia lactuca (Vulnerable)
Pectinia paeonia** (Near Threatened)

Links

References

  • Danwei Huang, Karenne P. P. Tun, L. M Chou and Peter A. Todd. 30 Dec 2009. An inventory of zooxanthellate sclerectinian corals in Singapore including 33 new records (pdf). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 22: 69-80.
  • Veron, Jen. 2000. Corals of the World Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia. 3 volumes.
  • Chou, L. M., 1998. A Guide to the Coral Reef Life of Singapore. Singapore Science Centre. 128 pages.
  • Erhardt, Harry and Daniel Knop. 2005. Corals: Indo-Pacific Field Guide IKAN-Unterwasserachiv, Frankfurt. 305 pp.
  • Borneman, Eric H. 2001. Aquarium Corals: Selection, Husbandry and Natural History T.F. H Publications. 464 pp.
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