seen? These dome-shaped hard corals do somewhat resemble
fleshy brains and are often seen on many of our Southern shores. Lobophyllia and Symphyllia were previously in the Family Mussidae.
Features: Members of the Family
Lobophylliidae develop into large colonies with heavy skeletons. The thick
walls of Lobophyllia and Symphyllia form meandering
valleys, and when submerged is covered with thick fleshy tissue, thus
resulting in their common names. The walls have prominent 'teeth'.
Some species of Lobophyllia and Symphyllia look very
similar and requires close examination to differentiate. On this website
they are grouped by external features for convenience of display.
Sometimes mistaken for Corals with maze-like patterns (Family Faviidae), which have thinner
corallite walls without large 'teeth'.
Status and threats: Some members
of the Family Lobophylliidae recorded for Singapore are listed as globally
corals on Singapore shores
|Here are some
general differences between the two common kinds of brain corals.
But some species may resemble one another. To positively identify
the species, closer examination of internal parts is required. On
this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience
walls are separate.
not as meandering.
walls are joined.
There is usually a slight groove
or dent along the top of the wall.
wide and more meandering.
Lobophylliidae recorded for Singapore
Huang, Karenne P. P. Tun, L. M Chou and Peter A. Todd. 30 Dec 2009.
An inventory of zooxanthellate sclerectinian corals in Singapore including
33 new records **the species found on many shores in Danwei's
in red are those listed as threatened
on the IUCN global list.
Lobophylliidae (previously Mussidae)
Acanthastrea hillae** (Near Threatened)
Acanthastrea rotundoflora (Near Threatened)
(Lobed brain coral) with list of species recorded for Singapore.
(Grooved brain coral) with list of species recorded for Singapore.
(select species from list) on Corals of the World online on the
Australian Institute of Marine Science website: Technical fact
Mussidae on Reef Corals of the Indo-Malayan Seas, the Marine
Species Identification Portal: Technical fact sheet.
Mussidae (enter Mussidae in search bar) on the IUCN Red List
of Threatened Species website: Technical fact sheet.
- Danwei Huang,
Karenne P. P. Tun, L. M Chou and Peter A. Todd. 30 Dec 2009. An
inventory of zooxanthellate sclerectinian corals in Singapore
including 33 new records (pdf). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology
Supplement No. 22: 69-80.
- Veron, Jen.
of the World
Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia. 3 volumes.
- Chou, L.
M., 1998. A
Guide to the Coral Reef Life of Singapore. Singapore Science
Centre. 128 pages.
Harry and Daniel Knop. 2005. Corals:
Indo-Pacific Field Guide
IKAN-Unterwasserachiv, Frankfurt. 305 pp.
Eric H. 2001. Aquarium
Corals: Selection, Husbandry and Natural History
T.F. H Publications. 464 pp