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Phylum Mollusca > Class Gastropoda
Melongena snails
Family Melongenidae
updated Aug 2020
Where seen? Some large melongena snails are commonly seen on many of our shores, usually in estuaries or near mangroves.

Features: Shell large and thick. They have a tough operculum made of a horn-like material. They lay egg capsules in orderly rows on rocks and other hard surfaces.

What do they eat? Many species of melongena snails eat bivalves, especially oysters.

Human uses: They are collected for food by coastal dwellers and the shell used to make lime.

Some Melongena snails on Singapore shores

Family Melongenidae recorded for Singapore
from Tan Siong Kiat and Henrietta P. M. Woo, 2010 Preliminary Checklist of The Molluscs of Singapore.

  Family Melongenidae
  Hemifusus elongatus
Hemifusus ternatanus
(Ternate false fusus)

Pugilina cochlidium
(Spiral melongena)

Volema myristica



  • Tan Siong Kiat and Henrietta P. M. Woo, 2010 Preliminary Checklist of The Molluscs of Singapore (pdf), Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore.
  • Chan S-Y (2009) The Melongenidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 2: 63–67.
  • Tan, K. S. & L. M. Chou, 2000. A Guide to the Common Seashells of Singapore. Singapore Science Centre. 160 pp.
  • Wee Y.C. and Peter K. L. Ng. 1994. A First Look at Biodiversity in Singapore. National Council on the Environment. 163pp.
  • Ng, P. K. L. & Y. C. Wee, 1994. The Singapore Red Data Book: Threatened Plants and Animals of Singapore. The Nature Society (Singapore), Singapore. 343 pp.
  • Abbott, R. Tucker, 1991. Seashells of South East Asia. Graham Brash, Singapore. 145 pp.
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