seen? This large and beautifully sculptured snail is seldom
encountered. So far, at Changi and Cyrene Reef. It is considered the
largest murex in the Indo-Pacific. Elsewhere found near reefs and
considered common, partially or completely buried in sand.
Features: 20-30cm long, thick
heavy shell with short 'frilly' or leafy spines, usually white. Large
operculum made of a horn-like material.
What does it eat? It feeds on
clams and snails and is considered a pest on pearl oyster beds.
Human uses: It is actively collected
in some parts of the world.
and threats: This snail is listed as 'Endangered' on the
Red List of threatened animals of Singapore.
Cyrene Reef, Aug 13
Cyrene Reef, Dec 16
Photo shared by Ian Siah on facebook.
Changi, Jul 12
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his
murex on Singapore shores
- Toh Chay Hoon & Tan Siong Kiat. 10 July 2015. Ramose murex Chicoreus ramosus spawning at Pulau Hantu. Singapore Biodiversity Records 2015: 92-93
- Tan Siong
Kiat and Henrietta P. M. Woo, 2010 Preliminary
Checklist of The Molluscs of Singapore (pdf), Raffles
Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore.
G.W. H. and P. K. L. Ng and Ho Hua Chew, 2008. The Singapore
Red Data Book: Threatened plants and animals of Singapore.
Nature Society (Singapore). 285 pp.
- Abbott, R.
Tucker, 1991. Seashells
of South East Asia.
Graham Brash, Singapore. 145 pp.