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Phylum Mollusca > Class Gastropoda
Turrid snails
Family Turridae
updated Sep 2020
Where seen? The elegant Javan turrid snails are sometimes seen on our sandy shores.

Features: The Family Turridae is among the largest of marine snails and members are difficult to distinguish. These snails are active predators that can rasp at prey with their radula or stab with detachable needle-like teeth charged with venom.

Human uses: They are not actively harvested although they are occasionally caught by shrimp trawlers.

Turricula javana
Chek Jawa, Sep 03

Turricula javana
Chek Jawa, Sep 10

Turris nadaensis
Beting Bronok, Jun 18
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on facebook.

Family Turridae recorded for Singapore
from Tan Siong Kiat and Henrietta P. M. Woo, 2010 Preliminary Checklist of The Molluscs of Singapore.
+Other additions (Singapore Biodiversity Records, etc)

  Family Turridae
  Brachytoma tuberosa

Epidirona multiseriata

Eucithara celebensis

Gemmula cosmoi
Gemmula deshayesii

Inquisitor intertincta
Inquisitor kurodai

Lienardia rubida

Lophiotoma acuta
Lophiotoma leucotropis

Lophioturris polytropa

Pseudodaphnella granicostata

Ptychobela suturalis

Thelycytharella vitrea

Turricula javana
(Javan turrid snail)
+Turris nadaensis
+Turris undosa

  • A turrid shell, Turris undosa, at Lazarus Island, 29 November 2019, Calvin Leow Jiah Jay, Singapore Biodiversity Records 2019: 154 ISSN 2345-7597, National University of Singapore.
  • Family Turridae on The Gladys Archerd Shell Collection at Washington State University Tri-Cities Natural History Museum website: brief fact sheet with photos.
  • Family Turridae on the The Seashells of New South Wales website by Des Beechey Research Associate, Australian Museum: family introductions with photos of shells and detailed fact sheets for many species.
  • Family Turridae in the Gastropods section by J.M. Poutiers in the FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes: The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods on the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) website.


  • Tan Siong Kiat and Henrietta P. M. Woo, 2010 Preliminary Checklist of The Molluscs of Singapore (pdf), Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore.
  • Bunjamin Dharma. 1988. Indonesian shells (Siput dan Kerang Indonesia). PT Sarana Graha. Indonesia. 111 pp.
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