Shores of Singapore
We have coral reefs in Singapore?
YES! Coral reefs are found fringing our southern shores such as Labrador
Beach and on our Southern Islands.
reefs are very much ALIVE!
Despite all the developments they have undergone, our reefs still
support rich marine life.
Uniquely Singapore! These reefs are minutes from the city centre!
Where else in the world can a visitor go from a high-level business
meeting at a world class hotel to visit a living reef in under half
an hour? More City Reef photos and a personal
letter about our City Reefs.
The reefs in Singapore harbour close to 200 species of hard corals
and a good diversity of other marine organisms too, such as seafans
and nudibranchs. 111 reef fish species were also recorded.
There are also regular sightings of wild dolphins and sea turtles.
Our reefs in the past
There was once over 60 offshore islands and patch reefs around Singapore.
However, since the mid 1970s, major land reclamation was carried out
on the mainland as well as the offshore southern islands. Most of
the southern islands were reclaimed, adding 1695 ha to Singapore's
total land area. Some islands were merged as a result and the reef
flats of many islands were reclaimed.
Many coral reef organisms were smothered by the reclamation, while
others were severely affected by the resulting increase in underwater
sediments. Since 1986, most coral reefs in Singapore have lost up
to 65% of their live coral cover. Visibility also dropped from 10m
in the 1960s to 2m or less today.
More about our southern shores on the Coral
Reefs of Singapore.
Fact sheets about some of our Southern shores are listed on the wild
articles on marine life in Singapore
Islands in general
about our Southern Islands
sighting in Singapore
turtle sightings in Singapore
guides and references
turtle hatchling rescue and release at East Coast Park: More photos
and lots more details of this on the habitatnews
rescued fron drains more photos on the ubin
Tempeh meets Aunty Betsy under the sea (Pulau Hantu) photos and
story on the habitatnews
curse of marine litter and their impact on sea turtles on the
turtle seen on Hantu Bloggers' first anniversary dive on the habitatnews
Xplore explores Hantu with photos of sea turtle and lots of other
marine life on The
Blue Tempeh blog
diving at Pulau Hantu with lots of photos of the sea turtle on
- Lim, S.,
P. Ng, L. Tan, & W. Y. Chin, 1994. Rhythm of the Sea: The
Life and Times of Labrador Beach. Division of Biology, School
of Science, Nanyang Technological University & Department
of Zoology, the National University of Singapore. 160 pp.
- Tan, Leo
W. H. & Ng, Peter K. L., 1988. A
Guide to Seashore Life. The Singapore Science Centre,
Singapore. 160 pp.
- Lim, Kelvin
K. P. & Jeffrey K. Y. Low, 1998. A
Guide to the Common Marine Fishes of Singapore. Singapore
Science Centre. 163 pp.
- Tan, Ria
and Loh Tse-Lynn, 2004. Guidesheet
to the Amazing Marine Life of the Southern Shores of Singapore.
- Tan, Ria
and Alan Yeo, 2003. Chek
Jawa Guidebook. Simply Green. 219p