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Phylum Porifera
Sponges on Singapore shores
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Phylum Porifera sponges
pgl
prp
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
ecp
tm
lab
snt
tkr
kus
laz
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
rfl
lfa
   
                                                     
                                                  Branching/lumpy sponges
pgl
prp
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
                                    Callyspongia sp.
Purple branching sponge
   
chg
 
cj
   
tus
ecp
 
lab
snt
tkr
     
sis
cyr
 
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Callyspongia diffusa
Champagne sponge
                                     
hnt
 
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Callyspongia samarensis
Tangled sponge
                     
snt
         
cyr
 
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Clathria reinwardti
Orange sprawling sponge
       
cj
 
bb
     
lab
snt
tkr
kus
   
sis
cyr
 
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Coelocarteria singaporensis
Daisy sponge
                     
snt
         
cyr
 
hnt
 
smk
tsm
      Dactylospongia elegans
Mustard sponge
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
 
ecp
   
snt
     
sji
               
lfa
  Echinodictyum conulosum
Black prickly sponge
       
cj
skd
bb
                         
tpg
          Gelliodes sp.
Spiky tubular sponge
       
cj
   
tus
     
snt
 
kus
         
hnt
   
tsm
      Gelliodes fibulata
Thorny stem sponge
 
prp
chg
 
cj
skd
 
tus
                         
smk
        Haliclona sp.
Black antler sponge
pgl
prp
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
ecp
 
lab
snt
                            Haliclona sp.
Elegant branching sponge
   
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
     
snt
tkr
                          Haliclona sp.
Lumpy green sponge
pgl
 
chg
 
cj
 
bb
                                      Lumpy orange sponge
awaiting identification
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
ecp
 
lab
snt
tkr
       
cyr
 
hnt
 
smk
tsm
      Haliclona sp.
Lumpy purple sponge
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
ecp
   
snt
             
hnt
 
smk
tsm
      Haliclona sp.
Tubular sponge
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
   
tm
lab
snt
 
kus
         
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Haliclona cf. baeri
Lumpy pink sponge
   
chg
     
bb
                                      Higginsia sp.
Higgin's sponge
   
chg
 
cj
skd
bb
                             
tsm
      Hyattella tubaria
Brownie sponge
   
chg
 
cj
skd
bb
       
snt
tkr
   
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Ircinia sp.
Brown prickly branching sponge
                 
tm
lab
snt
tkr
kus
laz
 
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Lamellodysidea herbacea
Silvery blue sponge
 
prp
chg
 
cj
skd
 
tus
 
tm
lab
snt
tkr
   
sji
 
cyr
   
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Neopetrosia sp.
Blue jorunna sponge
                   
lab
snt
tkr
kus
laz
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Pseudoceratina purpurea
Yellow prickly branching sponge
       
cj
skd
bb
tus
   
lab
snt
tkr
kus
laz
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Spheciospongia cf. vagabunda
Chocolate sponge
                                                     
                                                  Encrusting sponges
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
ecp
 
lab
     
laz
                      Amorphinopsis excavans
Crumbly sponge
   
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
ecp
tm
lab
snt
tkr
kus
laz
sji
sis
cyr
 
hnt
 
smk
tsm
      Chondrilla australiensis
Melted chocolate sponge
   
chg
             
lab
snt
                            Clathria cf. mima
Veined sponge
                                         
smk
        Cliona sp.
Sucker sponge
                     
snt
tkr
kus
laz
sji
sis
cyr
         
rfl
lfa
  Lendenfeldia cf. chondrodes
Blue icing sponge
pgl
 
chg
ubn
 
skd
bb
 
ecp
                                  Mycale parishi
Orange prickly sponge
                   
lab
snt
tkr
   
sji
sis
cyr
jng
 
tpg
smk
tsm
rfl
lfa
  Neopetrosia exigua
Smooth brown sponge
pgl
prp
chg
ubn
cj
skd
                                        Suberites sp.
Rainbow sponge
                   
lab
snt
tkr
 
laz
 
sis
cyr
 
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Smooth green sponge
awaiting identification
                 
tm
lab
snt
   
laz
sji
     
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
rfl
lfa
  Blue encrusting prickly sponge
Awaiting identification
       
cj
skd
                                        'Milo' sponge
Awaiting identification
                                                     
                                                  Ball- or vase-shaped sponges
                                       
tpg
 
tsm
      Aaptos suberitoides
'Century egg' sponge
       
cj
skd
bb
tus
     
snt
tkr
   
sji
sis
   
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
      Biemna sp.
Potato sponge
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
     
snt
tkr
kus
laz
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Cinachyrella australiensis
Golf ball sponge
                                                    Cliona patera
The Neptune's Cup sponge
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
ecp
                                  Dysidea sp.
Spiky ball sponge
pgl
 
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
 
ecp
   
snt
     
sji
                    Echinodictyum conulosum
Black prickly sponge
pgl
 
chg
 
cj
skd
bb
tus
     
snt
 
kus
 
sji
 
cyr
jng
 
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Mycale sp.
Orange blob sponge
         
skd
                         
hnt
tpg
 
tsm
      Petrosia sp.
Colourful chimney sponge
                   
lab
snt
tkr
   
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Rhabdastrella globostellata
Yellow pot sponge
                                 
cyr
 
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Stelletta clavosa
'Hairy olives' sponge
   
chg
 
cj
skd
bb
         
tkr
         
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Family Spongiidae
Black bath sponge
pgl
prp
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
       
tkr
               
smk
        Tethya robusta
Rambutan sponge
       
cj
skd
bb
tus
     
snt
tkr
kus
 
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Xestospongia testudinaria
Barrel sponge
                                                     
                                                  Other shapes
       
cj
skd
 
tus
 
tm
lab
snt
tkr
kus
 
sji
sis
cyr
 
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
rfl
lfa
  Oceanapia sagittaria
Pink puff ball sponge
       
cj
skd
bb
     
lab
snt
tkr
   
sji
sis
cyr
jng
hnt
tpg
smk
tsm
 
lfa
  Spheciospongia sp.
Yellow volcano sponge
           
bb
                                      Terpios sp.
'Roti jala' sponge
pgl
prp
chg
ubn
cj
skd
bb
tus
         
kus
           
tpg
smk
tsm
      Straw sponge
pgl
     
cj
skd
bb
                                      Yellow horn sponge
   
chg
 
cj
skd
bb
tus
         
kus
                        Yellow bumpy sponge

Species are difficult to positively identify without close examination of internal parts.
On this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience of display.


Northern shores
pgl: punggol, prp: pasir ris park, chg: changi, cj: chek jawa including pulau ubin, skd: pulau sekudu,
bb
: beting bronok, tus: tuas,
ecp: east coast park, tm: tanah merah
Southern shores
lab: labrador, snt: sentosa, cyr: cyrene reef, kus: kusu island, laz: lazarus island, sji: st. john's island, sis: sisters islands,
jng
:
pulau jong, tkr: pulau tekukor, hnt: pulau hantu, tpg: terumbus pempang darat, tengah and laut, smk: pulau semakau,
tsm
: submerged reefs off semakau - terumbu raya, beting bemban besar, terumbu bemban, terumbu semakau, rfl: raffles lighthouse, lfa: live firing area (Salu, Sudong, Pawai, Senang, Biola and submerged reefs in the area)

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