Photo index of palms, pandans and rattans of Singapore
palms, pandans and rattans

Nipah palm

Nypa fruticans

Seashore pandan
Pandanus tectorius

Fishtail palm
Caryota mitis
Palm-shaped leaves very long (5-9m). Flowers on a long stalk (1m), female flowers cone-like, male flowers long spikes. Fruits brown in a cluster forming a globe (20-25cm). Horizontal or underground stem, stout (up to 70cm in diameter), with diagonal leaf scars. Seen in some of our mangroves. It is Vulnerable. Bush to a small tree (3-7m), often with stilt roots. Leaves long, strap-like (70cm-2.5m) with many sharp spines. Male flowers a pendulous ‘cone’ (25-60cm) of many small flowers. Female flowers compact greenish heads in a ball-shaped cluster. Fruit (6-7cm), hard and fibrous forming a compound fruit looks like a pineapple. Commonly seen on undisturbed shores and in back mangroves. Tall elegant palm (10m). Leaves short, lealets stiff. Tiny pale flowers in a zig-zag inflorescence. Fruits small oval, green turning orange and are miscalled 'nuts'. Sometimes seen in old village sites. Short palm (6m), often forming clumps. Leaves long (2-6m), leaflets 'fishtail' shaped. Flowers on hanging spikes. Fruits green ripening plum red or ochre. Secondary forest, back mangroves. Common.
FREE photos of coastal plants. Make your own badge here.
photo index of
plants on this site
all plants

mangrove & seashore plants
climbers, vines
palms, pandans

mangrove & seashore

thick/leathery leaves
thin leaves


type of leaves
small simple
large simple
compound, others

mangrove trees
small oval fruits and pneumatophores

long cylindrical fruits
with knee roots
with buttressed roots
with stilt roots

large round fruits

links | references | about | email Ria
Spot errors? Have a question? Want to share your sightings? email Ria I'll be glad to hear from you!
wildfactsheets website©ria tan 2008